In a blog we posted earlier this year, we defined Plant-Based Therapies and explained that it is not simply the use of the Cannabis plant, but in fact, the use of all plants. The plants you choose to incorporate into your health journey are what provide the natural resources that feed and drive the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The natural resource we are talking about this week is black pepper! Black pepper is one of the most widely used and earliest known spices across the globe, a kitchen staple that many people know of. Piper nigrum, more commonly known as black pepper, is a flowering vine cultivated for its fruit, known as peppercorn, which when dried and ground creates the spice we are all familiar with.


Benefits of Black Pepper

Black pepper is rich in piperine, a plant compound that studies have found to have potent antioxidant properties.1 Studies suggest that a diet high in antioxidants may help prevent or delay the damage caused by free radicals which are unstable molecules that can harm the cells in your body. Studies also suggest that piperine has anti-inflammatory properties making it useful in fighting inflammation.1 More research is needed but there is evidence to show that piperine may also help improve blood sugar metabolism and even lower cholesterol levels.1 Additionally, black pepper can help if you get “too high” – when ingested, it interacts with the Cannabis already in your system to create an effect that’s similar to CBD.2

Terpenes in Black Pepper

This study3 looked at Piper nigrum or peppercorn (which is black pepper before it is ground) and found that it contains various terpenes including, but not limited to, pinene, limonene, caryophyllene. Pinene is found not only in black pepper, but also pine, rosemary, parsley, and Cannabis. It exhibits anti-inflammatory properties while aiding memory. It also acts as a bronchodilator and provides relief from asthma.5 Limonene can also be found in Cannabis, citrus fruits, and juniper. It can be used to help with depression and GERD and it also assists with skin absorption of other terpenes.5 Caryophyllene is also found in clove, cinnamon, and Cannabis. It has anti-anxiety properties and assists with chronic pain, epilepsy, muscle spasms, and insomnia.5 Caryophyllene is presently the only known terpene that is classified as both a terpene and cannabinoid. The reason for this is that is directly binds to our endocannabinoid CB2 receptors.4


Where to Find Black Pepper

Black pepper, in the form of black pepper oil, is used in our proprietary blend of essential oils for our very own Hawkeye Relief Pain Stick! It helps to provide rapid relief for inflammation, stiffness, muscle recovery, dry/cracked skin and so much more. Hawkeye Relief is a potent, fast-acting, and soothing formula specially designed for immediate and long-lasting relief. Click here to order a Hawkeye Relief Pain Stick or call (301) 778-4295 for any questions you may have!



Source 1

Source 2

Source 3 – Zhehao Jin, Moonhyuk Kwon, Ah-Reum Lee, Dae-Kyun Ro, Juraithip Wungsintaweekul, Soo-Un Kim. Molecular cloning and functional characterization of three terpene synthases from unripe fruit of black pepper (Piper nigrum), Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Volume 638, 2018, Pages 35-40, ISSN 0003-9861. Accessed 24th June, 2022.

Source 4

Source 5 – Beyond Buds : Next Generation by: Ed Rosenthal with Greg Zeman